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SABR 100 Greatest 20th-Century Major-League Players

In January 1999 members of the Society for American Baseball Research cast ballots in a survey of the 100 Greatest 20th-Century Major-League Players. In addition to selecting 100 players, members were asked to rank their top five players to break any ties. Members submitted 865 ballots, and 244 different players received votes. The top 100 players are listed by percentage of votes received (* indicates active player):

Rank

Player

Position

Votes

Percent

Tiebreaker

1

Babe Ruth

RF

861

99.54

2743

2

Lou Gehrig

1B

861

99.54

375

3

Ted Williams

LF

858

99.19

711

4

Hank Aaron

RF

858

99.19

270

5

Stan Musial

LF

857

99.08

102

6

Joe DiMaggio

CF

855

98.84

213

7

Ty Cobb

CF

854

98.73

1135

8

Willie Mays

CF

852

98.50

964

9

Rogers Hornsby

2B

851

98.38

82

10

Honus Wagner

SS

850

98.27

611

11

Walter Johnson

P

850

98.27

591

12

Mickey Mantle

CF

849

98.15

115

13

Christy Mathewson

P

847

97.92

118

14

Jimmie Foxx

1B

844

97.57

23

15

Warren Spahn

P

835

96.53

26

16

Mike Schmidt

3B

829

95.84

15

17

Bob Gibson

P

828

95.72

16

18

Cy Young

P

826

95.49

112

19

Johnny Bench

C

826

95.49

20

20

Roberto Clemente

RF

824

95.26

44

21

Sandy Koufax

P

822

95.03

52

22

Bob Feller

P

820

94.80

12

23

Tris Speaker

CF

814

94.10

10

24

Frank Robinson

RF

814

94.10

5

25

Grover Alexander

P

811

93.76

20

26

Yogi Berra

C

810

93.64

5

27

Ernie Banks

SS

807

93.29

0

28

Tom Seaver

P

794

91.79

9

29

George Brett

3B

792

91.56

2

30

Steve Carlton

P

789

91.21

1

31

Eddie Mathews

3B

780

90.17

0

32

Brooks Robinson

3B

773

89.36

14

33

Lefty Grove

P

772

89.25

139

34

Roger Clemens*

P

769

88.90

6

35

Hank Greenberg

1B

768

88.79

6

36

Jackie Robinson

2B

758

87.63

58

37

Joe Morgan

2B

757

87.51

9

38

Nap Lajoie

2B

756

87.40

36

39

Tony Gwynn*

RF

752

86.94

2

40

Greg Maddux*

P

750

86.71

29

41

Carl Hubbell

P

745

86.13

4

42

Mel Ott

RF

745

86.13

0

43

Cal Ripken Jr.*

SS

743

85.90

12

44

Nolan Ryan

P

740

85.55

37

45

Carl Yastrzemski

LF

733

84.74

0

46

Charlie Gehringer

2B

720

83.24

3

47

Roy Campanella

C

717

82.89

4

48

Pete Rose

LF

710

82.08

42

49

Eddie Collins

2B

704

81.39

4

50

Mickey Cochrane

C

704

81.39

3

51

Rod Carew

2B

699

80.81

1

52

Joe Jackson

LF

691

79.88

44

53

Ken Griffey Jr.*

CF

679

78.50

20

54

Whitey Ford

P

679

78.50

0

55

George Sisler

1B

678

78.38

3

56

Ozzie Smith

SS

675

78.03

4

57

Jim Palmer

P

668

77.23

0

58

Juan Marichal

P

660

76.30

0

59

Al Kaline

RF

649

75.03

3

60

Rickey Henderson*

LF

629

72.72

1

61

Mark McGwire*

1B

625

72.25

22

62

Willie McCovey

1B

625

72.25

0

63

Bill Dickey

C

624

72.14

0

64

Dennis Eckersley

P

619

71.56

13

65

Barry Bonds*

LF

605

69.94

37

66

Al Simmons

CF

604

69.83

0

67

Reggie Jackson

RF

593

68.55

1

68

Duke Snider

CF

586

67.75

0

69

Harmon Killebrew

1B

584

67.51

2

70

Pie Traynor

3B

578

66.82

0

Paul Waner

RF

578

66.82

0

72

Frankie Frisch

2B

556

64.28

0

73

Lou Brock

LF

525

60.69

1

74

Dizzy Dean

P

523

60.46

0

75

Mordecai Brown

P

522

60.35

0

76

Rollie Fingers

P

517

59.77

0

77

Hoyt Wilhelm

P

512

59.19

0

78

Bill Terry

1B

510

58.96

0

Robin Yount

SS

510

58.96

0

80

Wade Boggs

3B

506

58.50

1

81

Paul Molitor

3B

505

58.38

0

82

Eddie Murray

1B

501

57.92

2

Robin Roberts

P

501

57.92

2

84

Joe Cronin

SS

473

54.68

0

85

Ed Walsh

P

467

53.99

0

86

Luke Appling

SS

463

53.53

0

87

Johnny Mize

1B

455

52.60

1

88

Luis Aparicio

SS

437

50.52

0

89

Ralph Kiner

LF

427

49.36

0

90

Sam Crawford

RF

424

49.02

0

91

Harry Heilmann

RF

409

47.28

0

92

Carlton Fisk

C

398

46.01

0

93

Willie Stargell

LF

387

44.74

0

94

Eddie Plank

P

385

44.51

0

95

Kirby Puckett

CF

384

44.39

0

96

Ferguson Jenkins

P

379

43.82

0

97

Rube Waddell

P

376

43.47

1

98

Ryne Sandberg

2B

364

42.08

2

99

Addie Joss

P

354

40.92

53

100

Joe Medwick

LF

352

40.69

0

By Position

Rank

Pitchers (29)

11

Walter Johnson

13

Christy Mathewson

15

Warren Spahn

17

Bob Gibson

18

Cy Young

21

Sandy Koufax

22

Bob Feller

25

Grover Alexander

28

Tom Seaver

30

Steve Carlton

33

Lefty Grove

34

Roger Clemens*

40

Greg Maddux*

41

Carl Hubbell

44

Nolan Ryan

54

Whitey Ford

57

Jim Palmer

58

Juan Marichal

64

Dennis Eckersley

74

Dizzy Dean

75

Mordecai Brown

76

Rollie Fingers

77

Hoyt Wilhelm

82

Robin Roberts

85

Ed Walsh

94

Eddie Plank

96

Ferguson Jenkins

97

Rube Waddell

99

Addie Joss

 

 

Rank

Catchers (6)

19

Johnny Bench

26

Yogi Berra

47

Roy Campanella

50

Mickey Cochrane

63

Bill Dickey

92

Carlton Fisk

 

 

Rank

First Basemen (10)

2

Lou Gehrig

14

Jimmie Foxx

35

Hank Greenberg

55

George Sisler

61

Mark McGwire*

62

Willie McCovey

69

Harmon Killebrew

78

Bill Terry

82

Eddie Murray

87

Johnny Mize

 

 

Rank

Second Basemen (9)

9

Rogers Hornsby

36

Jackie Robinson

37

Joe Morgan

38

Nap Lajoie

46

Charlie Gehringer

49

Eddie Collins

51

Rod Carew

72

Frankie Frisch

98

Ryne Sandberg

 

 

Rank

Third Basemen (7)

16

Mike Schmidt

29

George Brett

31

Eddie Mathews

32

Brooks Robinson

70

Pie Traynor

80

Wade Boggs

81

Paul Molitor

 

 

Rank

Shortstops (8)

10

Honus Wagner

27

Ernie Banks

43

Cal Ripken Jr.*

56

Ozzie Smith

78

Robin Yount

84

Joe Cronin

86

Luke Appling

88

Luis Aparicio

 

 

Rank

Left Fielders (11)

3

Ted Williams

5

Stan Musial

45

Carl Yastrzemski

48

Pete Rose

52

Joe Jackson

60

Rickey Henderson*

65

Barry Bonds*

73

Lou Brock

89

Ralph Kiner

93

Willie Stargell

100

Joe Medwick

 

 

Rank

Center Fielders (9)

6

Joe DiMaggio

7

Ty Cobb

8

Willie Mays

12

Mickey Mantle

23

Tris Speaker

53

Ken Griffey Jr.*

66

Al Simmons

68

Duke Snider

95

Kirby Puckett

 

 

Rank

Right Fielders (11)

1

Babe Ruth

4

Hank Aaron

20

Roberto Clemente

24

Frank Robinson

39

Tony Gwynn*

42

Mel Ott

59

Al Kaline

67

Reggie Jackson

70

Paul Waner

90

Sam Crawford

91

Harry Heilmann